Cappadocia is the historical name of the region in Central Turkey, 750km south west of Istanbul and 300 km South of Ankara, the capital of Turkey. The actual region which we call Cappadocia covers the cities of Nevsehir, Kayseri, Nigde and Aksaray. The area is about 100 square miles, and in the center of it we find Urgup and Goreme.
The Cappadocia of Hittite times (2000-1200 BC) was a large area of central, east and southern Turkey. Modern Cappadocia refers to a geographical area covering the valleys of Goreme, the town of Urgup with its fairy chimneys, Derinkuyu and Kaymakli underground cities, the center of ceramic art in Avanos, the panoramic castle of Uchisar, the Canyon of Ihlara near Guzelyurt, and Kayseri.
Kayseri has the highest mountain of the region, Mount Erciyes (Argeus), which is also a ski center between November and March.